The objective of the Momentum Program is a dynamic renewal of the research teams of the Academy and participating universities via attracting outstanding young researchers back to Hungary. The impact and success of this application model is highly acclaimed and recognised even by the international scientific community. Initiated by HAS President József Pálinkás, the Momentum program aims to halt the emigration of young researchers, provides a new supply of talented researchers, extends career possibilities, and increases the competitiveness of HAS’ research institutes and participating universities.
Momentum 2014 winners of the MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences:
Physician Balázs Győrffy (39) is looking for biomarkers with his Momentum team to be formed at MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences, which, when applied, may facilitate a more efficient treatment of malignant tumour patients. “Personalised tumour therapy is one of the greatest challenges that medical sciences are faced with. In our research we are going to study data of the genome level to identify prognostic and predictive biomarkers: the former will predict life expectancy, the latter, the response to some specific medicament. The biomarkers identified will be tested in cell cultures and clinical tests. Their plans include the writing of web-based programs that would be an automated resource for other researchers to identify ontological biomarkers,” Balázs Győrffy said in a summary of his objectives.
Physicist Levente Tapasztó (34) has set the target to discover physical phenomena for his team to be formed at MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences, phenomena that offer new application opportunities in the field of ultrafast and ultra-low consumption nanoelectronic devices. The focus of their research is specially structured single atom thick materials that do not have volume but surface only. Consequently, they display features that are impossible to observe in usual 3D materials. The first two-dimensional crystal was the graphene, the discovery of which was honoured by a Nobel Prize in Physics 2010. But by now it has become clear that graphene is just the first one in an exciting series of 2D crystals, the properties of which are mostly undisclosed. “In every age the potential for development of any civilisation is determined by the materials available to it. The knowledge of 2D materials is a promise for the present to conquer hitherto unattainable applications,” Levente Tapasztósaid.
Having returned from the USA after an 8-year period, physician Nándor Gábor Than (42) is studying the pathogenic processes of gynaecological disorders. The objective of the prospective team headed by himself at the MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences is to discover and describe the anomalies of signal transfer paths that play a central role in abortions and gynaecological disorders. What is in the centre of research – based on the decisive discoveries of the team head – is called the system biological examination of the disturbances of mother-embryo immune tolerance. The research contemplated will help the description of the molecular paths and control networks of the pathogenic processes and the identification of new biomarkers and medicinal points of attack.
Momentum 2013 winners of the MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences:
Attila Reményi biologist, Institute of Molecular Pharmacology
Péter Kele chemist, Institute of Organic Chemistry
Momentum 2012 winners of the MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences:
Gábor Tusnády E. biologist, Institute of Enzymology
Róbert Horváth biophysicist, Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science
Andrea Deák chemist, Institute of Organic Chemistry
László Homolya biologist, Institute of Molecular Pharmacology
István Winkler psychologist, electric engineer, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology